A brain tumor occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain. There are two main types of tumors: malignant or cancerous tumors and benign tumors.Cancerous tumors can be divided into primary tumors that start within the brain, and secondary tumors that have spread from somewhere else,known as brain metastasis tumors. All types of brain tumors may produce symptoms that vary depending on the part of the brain involved.
These symptoms may include headaches, seizures, problem with vision, vomiting, and mental changes.
The headache is classically worse in the morning and goes away with vomiting. More specific problems may include difficulty in walking, speaking,and with sensation. As the disease progresses unconsciousness may occur.
The cause of most brain tumors is unknown. Uncommon risk factors include inherited neurofibromatosis, exposure to vinyl chloride, Epstein–Barr virus,and ionizing radiation. The evidence for mobile phones is not clear. The most common types of primary tumors in adults are meningiomas (usually benign),and astrocytomas such as glioblastomas. In children, the most common type is a malignant medulloblastoma.Diagnosis is usually by medical examination along with computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging.This is then often confirmed by a biopsy. Based on the findings, the tumors are divided into different grades of severity.
At the National Brain Tumor Society, we are committed to supporting the diverse needs of patients by moving research toward new treatments, fighting for policies that will improve the lives of all patients, and providing important and helpful information and resources. This section will help you learn more about brain tumors including symptoms, treatment options, and considerations for caregivers
Brain tumor symptoms
Headache: can be persistent or severe
Muscular: difficulty walking, muscle weakness, problems with coordination, weakness of one side of the body, or weakness of the arms and legs
Whole body: balance disorder, dizziness, fatigue, or vertigo
Gastrointestinal: nausea or vomiting
Sensory: pins and needles or reduced sensation of touch
Cognitive: inability to speak or understand language or mental confusion
Speech: difficulty speaking or impaired voice
Also common: blurred vision, personality change, seizures, or sleepiness
brain tumor treatment
Tomotherapy and Radiation therapy
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Neurosurgeon, Oncologist, Radiation Oncologist, and Neurologist